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The five most addictive painkillers: #2 Stadol

The five most addictive painkillers: #2 Stadol

Stadol is the brand name for the prescription drug butorphanol tartrate, the second-most addictive painkiller on the market (Elizabeth Hartney, Ph.D., “Ten most addictive pain killers”). The drug works in a similar fashion as morphine by attaching to the opioid receptors of the brain to increase dopamine production, a neurotransmitter that regulates pleasure and pain. It is often used to manage chronic pain, for which it comes as a nasal spray, but can also be used as an anesthetic prior to surgery, for which it comes as an injected fluid. While responsible use of Stadol can greatly help patients, its addictive qualities make it ripe for abuse.

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The five most addictive painkillers: #1 Fentanyl

The five most addictive painkillers: #1 Fentanyl

Fentanyl is the most addictive prescription painkiller on the market. It is an extremely powerful opioid most often used to treat surgical patients and people who have developed a tolerance to other types of painkillers. Researchers estimate that the drug is between 50 to 100 times as powerful as morphine. Over the years, it has become increasingly popular as a recreational drug, but its strength makes it far more dangerous for nonmedical use than other opioids, such as heroin. Anyone taking drugs containing Fentanyl should be aware of its dangerous and addictive qualities. Continue reading

The dangers of drugged driving

The dangers of drugged driving

Just like alcohol, many drugs hinder a person’s ability to drive safely. Driving while under the influence of a drug can be just as dangerous, if not more so, than driving while drunk. Drugged driving is a major public safety concern in the United States, with an estimated 18 percent of drivers killed on the road testing positive for at least one drug (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration). Before anyone considers driving after taking a drug, they should become aware of the risks they pose to themselves and everyone else on the road. Continue reading

Sedative use highest among the elderly

Sedative use highest among the elderly

Brand name medications such as Valium, Xanax and Ativan all contain the powerful sedative benzodiazepine. This drug is very useful in treating anxiety, sleep disorders and other health concerns, but it also carries a number of health risks, particularly when used over long periods of time. A recent study conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has uncovered an alarming trend of benzodiazepine use increasing with age. The study raises troubling questions about the way that sedatives are prescribed as well as the possible danger it poses to the elderly.

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The link between heroin and prescription drug abuse

The link between heroin and prescription drug abuse

Abuse of prescription drugs is on the rise in America, with an estimated 2.1 million abusers in the United States reported in 2012 (National Institute of Drug Abuse). If that figure isn’t bad enough, experts are becoming aware of a growing trend linking prescription drug abuse to heroin use. It seems that more and more prescription drug addicts are also becoming addicted to heroin at the same time. This threat of a double addiction poses an increased health and safety risk for anyone who starts abusing prescription medication.

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What are the dangers of prescription fentanyl?

What are the dangers of prescription fentanyl?

Fentanyl is a powerful prescription painkiller known by the brand names Actiq, Duragesic and Sublimaze as well as a variety of street names, such as apache, goodfella, murder 8 and TNT (National Institute on Drug Abuse). Because of its strength, the drug is typically used to treat severe, short-term pain, such as after a surgery or to treat chronic pain in patients who are resistant to other opioids. Fentanyl is an extremely powerful drug that can cause serious harm if abused. Before taking fentanyl, it’s important to understand the dangers of using it for recreational or nonmedical purposes. Continue reading

Who can prevent prescription drug abuse?

Who can prevent prescription drug abuse?

Prescription drug abuse is the second-most common form of drug abuse in the nation. According to the 2010 National Survey of Drug Use and Health, about 2.4 million Americans abuse prescription drugs, with about 6,600 more starting every day. That trend might seem insurmountable, but change can occur at a grassroots level when everyone involved in the handling of prescription drugs does their part to ensure that medication is taken correctly.

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Get the facts about prescription sedatives

Get the facts about prescription sedatives

Sedatives, also called CNS depressants or tranquilizers, are a type of medication that is used to treat a variety of health concerns, including anxiety, panic attacks and sleeping disorders. The drugs work on the body by producing a drowsy or calming effect. When used appropriately, sedatives can work wonders for patients in need. When abused, however, they can carry grave health risks. It’s important to understand the facts before someone begins taking sedatives.

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Treating prescription drug abuse

Treating prescription drug abuse

Prescription drug addiction has become an epidemic in the United States. According to the Foundation for a Drug-Free World, deaths resulting from the abuse of prescription drugs are greater than those caused by heroin, methamphetamine and cocaine combined. But that doesn’t mean that all prescription drug addicts are doomed. There are many treatment options available to help addicts get the help they need to return to the path of sobriety.

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Understanding the difference between addiction and dependence

Understanding the difference between addiction and dependence

The terms “drug dependence” and “drug addiction” are often confused as synonyms for the same concept. In fact, they describe two very different conditions. A person who is dependent on a drug is not necessarily addicted to that drug, and vice versa. When people take prescription drugs, it is important to understand the difference to ensure that they are maintaining a healthy relationship with their medication. Continue reading