Stadol is the brand name for the prescription drug butorphanol tartrate, the second-most addictive painkiller on the market (Elizabeth Hartney, Ph.D., “Ten most addictive pain killers”). The drug works in a similar fashion as morphine by attaching to the opioid receptors of the brain to increase dopamine production, a neurotransmitter that regulates pleasure and pain. It is often used to manage chronic pain, for which it comes as a nasal spray, but can also be used as an anesthetic prior to surgery, for which it comes as an injected fluid. While responsible use of Stadol can greatly help patients, its addictive qualities make it ripe for abuse.
Fentanyl is the most addictive prescription painkiller on the market. It is an extremely powerful opioid most often used to treat surgical patients and people who have developed a tolerance to other types of painkillers. Researchers estimate that the drug is between 50 to 100 times as powerful as morphine. Over the years, it has become increasingly popular as a recreational drug, but its strength makes it far more dangerous for nonmedical use than other opioids, such as heroin. Anyone taking drugs containing Fentanyl should be aware of its dangerous and addictive qualities. Continue reading
Brand name medications such as Valium, Xanax and Ativan all contain the powerful sedative benzodiazepine. This drug is very useful in treating anxiety, sleep disorders and other health concerns, but it also carries a number of health risks, particularly when used over long periods of time. A recent study conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has uncovered an alarming trend of benzodiazepine use increasing with age. The study raises troubling questions about the way that sedatives are prescribed as well as the possible danger it poses to the elderly.
Sedatives, also called CNS depressants or tranquilizers, are a type of medication that is used to treat a variety of health concerns, including anxiety, panic attacks and sleeping disorders. The drugs work on the body by producing a drowsy or calming effect. When used appropriately, sedatives can work wonders for patients in need. When abused, however, they can carry grave health risks. It’s important to understand the facts before someone begins taking sedatives.
The terms “drug dependence” and “drug addiction” are often confused as synonyms for the same concept. In fact, they describe two very different conditions. A person who is dependent on a drug is not necessarily addicted to that drug, and vice versa. When people take prescription drugs, it is important to understand the difference to ensure that they are maintaining a healthy relationship with their medication. Continue reading